History of Eid ul Fitr
Eid ul Fitr was initiated by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH); it is celebrated on the 1st of Shawwal at the end of the month of Ramazan, during which Muslims fast.
When Holy Prophet (PBUH) entered Madinah, he noticed that people are celebrating two particular days of their happiness, when he asked what the purpose of it was; they said these are their occasion of happiness. At this Prophet said that Almighty has fixed two days for Muslims that are “Eid ul Fitr” and “Eid ul Adha”. For Muslims, both these occasions are for thankfulness to God and for remembering him
The auspicious occasion of Eid ul Fitr is celebrated after the Holy month of Ramazan. When the month full of blessings comes to an end, Eid ul Fitr is gifted in form of reward to all Muslims from Almighty.
Eid ul Fitr is celebrated on 1st of Shawwal, every year; Muslims from all over the world celebrate Eid ul fitr in a typical religious manner. It is the only day when fasting is not allowed for Muslims.
The day starts with the Eid prayers, which consists of two Rakats. It is offered in an open ground or a large hall where all Muslim Brothers accompany each other and it is only performed in congregation.
It is every Muslim’s belief that they should fast 30 or 29 days of Ramazan (as per the moon and commanded in Qur’an) and then to pay Fitra and Zaka’at before the day of Eid.
Eid is celebrated for two to three days; Muslims greet each other by saying “Eid Mubarak” which means “Blessed Eid” or “Happy Eid”. Many countries have their own way of greeting on Eid for example in Turkey they say “ Bayramınız kutlu olsun” which means “ Eid – be blessed “
As it is forbidden to eat on the day of Eid, therefore, to make sure you should eat a small portion of sweet preferably a date, before offering the special Eid prayers/Salaat.
A mandatory act of charity is performed before Eid Prayers which is to give Zaka’at in order to show love for poor and needy and to show happiness.
During the Eid prayers, some rules are applied as soon as you enter the Mosque or the field, that you should not speak any other word except the ones that remind you of Allah, Muslims are advised to use separate routes to and from the Prayer ground, greet all the Muslim brothers who are performing Eid Salaat with you, go to the Eid prayer by foot, give as much charity as you can according to your try to pray Fajr Prayer in local Mosque.
Eid is celebrated majorly in Middle East and Saudi Arabia. Saudis celebrate Eid in a typical and cultural manner by decorating their homes and preparing special food for their friends and family.
Eid ul fitr in Saudi Arabia
It is a common Saudi tradition to gather at one place along with all family members and friends after Eid Prayers, before the meal, children usually ask for “Eidi” from their elders as a form of gift. It is also a former tradition of some of the Saudi men to go and buy rice in bulk quantity and to give them to the poor and less fortunate people by keeping them in front of their doors.
In some of the major cities of Saudi Arabia they celebrate it by doing fireworks on all the three days.
Eid ul Fitr in Turkey:
In Turkey, they refer Eid holidays as Bayram, and Eid ul Fitr is referred as “Şeker Bayramı”. It is a public holiday and schools and government offices are all closed for 3 day period. The celebrations of Bayram are done in traditional manner. People greet each other with great regard and modestly. It is regarded as a gesture of honor by kissing hands of elderly people and then placing it on forehead. Young children also visit their neighborhood, door to door, to wish and greet Eid happiness.
Fund raising events are also done by for poor and less fortunate people.
Eid ul Fitr in Pakistan
Eid in Pakistan is celebrated with great enthusiasm as it is one of the biggest and most celebrated occasions of Pakistan. Usually people from all over the world visit Pakistan to celebrate this beautiful event.